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Mobile is known for having the oldest organized Carnival or Mardi Gras celebrations in the United States.Its French Catholic colonial settlers celebrated this festival from the first decade of the 18th century.This, along with the news of Johnston's surrender negotiations with Sherman, led Taylor to seek a meeting with his Union counterpart, Maj. Taylor accepted the terms and surrendered his command on May 4 at Citronelle, Alabama.
Due to strong trade ties, many residents of Mobile and West Florida remained loyal to the British Crown.
Jews had not been allowed to officially reside in colonial French Louisiana due to the Code Noir, a decree passed by France's King Louis XIV in 1685 that forbade the exercise of any religion other than Roman Catholicism, and ordered all Jews out of France's colonies.
Most of these colonial-era Jews in Mobile were merchants and traders from Sephardic Jewish communities in Savannah, Georgia and Charleston, South Carolina; they added to the commercial development of Mobile.
Mobile was well situated for trade, as its location tied it to a river system that served as the principal navigational access for most of Alabama and a large part of Mississippi.
River transportation was aided by the introduction of steamboats in the early decades of the 19th century.In 1763, the Treaty of Paris was signed, ending the Seven Years' War, which Britain won, defeating France.